Spring Garden Tips

American Elder

american_elder_az_500px

Botanical Name

Sambucus canadensis

Hardiness

Zones 3 to 9

Height

5 to 12 feet

Width

5 to 12 feet

Flowers

Early summer: white

Fruit

Purple-black berry-like drupes

Light

Full sun to part shade

Soil

Prefers moist soil

Planting and Care

Transplants easily

pH adaptable

Remove dead wood in spring

Prune to control size

Problems

Cankers, leaf spot, powdery mildew, borers

Varieties to Consider

Aurea - gold foliage, 10'

Variegata - leaves are margined in creamy yellow-white, provide afternoon shade to prevent scorch

Laciniata - deeply incised leaflets, 8'

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