Spring Garden Tips



Botanical Name

Brassica oleracea




2 to 3 feet


2 to 3 feet


Early to mid summer: yellow


Full sun


Moist, well-drained

Planting and Care

Start indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost. Sow seeds 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep. Transplant when plants are 4-6 weeks old and have 4-5 sets of true leaves.

Broccoli can be directly sown outdoors as soon as ground can be worked. Seeds germinate in temperatures of 45 F to 85 F.

Space plants 18 to 24 inches apart in rows, spacing rows 36 inches apart.

Mulch soil to conserve moisture. Use floating row covers to protect young plants from pests.


Aphids, cabbage worms, flea beetle, slugs, cutworms, cabbage root maggo, clubroot

Varieties to Consider

Green Comet - heat tolerant

Green Goliath - tolerant of heat and cold, spring or summer planting


Check broccoli every few days once the flower buds (the part we eat) form. They quickly go from quarter size to harvest size.

Harvest when the head is full size, but before the yellow flowers appear. It is still edible, just not as tasty. Cut the stem 6 to 7 inches below the flower.

Leave side shoots that will develop into smaller heads for later harvest.

Rate Article

0.0/5 rating (0 votes)

Ask Melinda

Didn't find what you were looking for?
Search for related articles, video tips, podcasts and audio tips to help you answer your gardening question.

Still looking?

Post a question for Melinda to answer.


Search Melinda Myers Site