Spring Garden Tips

Cabbage

Cabbage410px.jpg

Botanical Name

Brassica oleracea var. capitata

Hardiness

Annual

Height

1 to 2 feet

Width

18 to 36 inches

Fruit

Foliage in shades of green, red and purple with a variety of textures

Light

Full sun

Soil

Moist, well-drained

Planting and Care

Sow seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost or direct sow outdoors as soon as ground can be worked. Seeds will germinate in temperatures as low as 40 F to 85 F. Sow 1/2 to 3/4 inch deep, 3 inches apart. Thin to desired spacing.

Plants should be spaced 12-24 inches apart in rows 18-34 inches apart depending on variety and size.

Use floating row covers to protect young plants from cabbage worms and other pests.

Problems

Cabbage yellows, black rot, black leg, cabbage root maggot, cabbage worms, cutworms, slugs, loopers, thrips

Varieties to Consider

Cheers - green variety with good tolerance to black rot, thrips and yellows

Savoy Queen - savoy variety with good heat tolerance

Ruby Ball - resists both cold and heat

Harvesting

Harvest cabbage heads when they become solid, but before they split. Cut as close to the lower surface of the head as possible leaving the lower set of leaves.

New heads will sprout and develop from buds that grow from the bases of the remaining leaves.  These heads are smaller will be smaller (2-4) inches and should also be picked when they become firm.

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