Spring Garden Tips

Garlic

Garlic410px.jpg

Botanical Name

Allium sativum var. sativum and ophiosco

Hardiness

Annual

Height

1 to 2 feet

Width

6 to 12 inches

Light

Full sun

Soil

Moist, well-drained, fertile

Planting and Care

For best bulb development and yield, plant in fall in cool soils below 65 F.

Plant after the first frost to early November. Break up the bulbs to separate the individual cloves. Make sure to keep the husk on each clove. Set cloves with the tips up, 2 inches deep and spaced 4 to 6 inches apart in rows 15 to 24 inches apart.

Larger elephant varieties should be planted 3 inches deep and spaced 8 to 12 inches apart.

Mulch to prevent frost heaving, remove flower stalks as they appear

Problems

Rot with poor drainage

Varieties to Consider

Purple Stripe

Silverwhite

Susanville

Harvesting

Bulbs can be dug up and harvested when the tops begin to dry out.  Allow the tops to fully dry and then remove them and the roots to within an inch of the bulbs. It's important to allow the garlic to cure to prevent it from rotting in storage.

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